do indoor cats need feline leukemia vaccine

By | 30. 12. 2020
There isn’t enough evidence that FIP can spread easily between cats and studies show that FIP vaccination is not very effective. Vaccines do not 100 percent guarantee your cat won't get feline leukemia. Outdoor cats who socialize frequently with other cats are candidates for the vaccine. The infection is most common in cats who are physically or emotionally stressed and cats with weakened immune systems. The initial shots, administered to kittens, help them develop immunity. Staying current on vaccinations can keep your cat safe if their lifestyle ever changes. Some experts also recommend annual revaccination with feline leukemia vaccine if your cat is exposed to other cats on a regular basis. So it’s not surprising that vaccinations in human health have become controversial. By Dr. Amanda Page. This is a core vaccine that is generally required by law because of how serious this disease is. Proven effective and Manufactured in the USA. It's been a while since my last cat passed on, but I believe mine got everything as scheduled. A sick cat should not be vaccinated. Due to this, the cat becomes susceptible to feline leukemia and all other immunodeficiency diseases. There is no treatment for feline leukemia, and it is fatal to cats. Also known as viral rhinotracheitis or FHV, this virus can cause serious upper respiratory infection, eye problems, and lethargy. According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners Vaccination Advisory Panel, indoor cats should always stay up-to-date on core vaccines. FeLV is the most common cause of viral deaths in cats and it can be spread through the milk, feces, urine, saliva, and nasal secretions of infected cats. You may assume that your indoor cat does not need to be vaccinated. Does your cat need leukemia vaccine if she never goes outside? Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. It is true that indoor cats will be less likely to experience various medical problems … Rhinotracheitis is a complication of feline herpesvirus and it can cause a variety of symptoms, including herpes ulcers in the eyes, dehydration, and starvation. Cats are amazing! But close contact with a cat with active disease could be fatal. Adult Cat Vaccinations. If your cat is picked up by animal control, they may spend at least a night in an animal shelter. This contagious disease is one of the primary causes of upper respiratory infections in cats and it can cause eye problems, sneezing, lethargy, sores in the mouth, lameness, and pneumonia. Vaccines are given to your cat one year after the end of the kitten series. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. Feline Leukemia vaccine is classified as a non-core vaccine under the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) and American Association of Feline Practitioners feline vaccination guidelines, meaning that the need for vaccination is dictated by … Kittens should be vaccinated for the feline leukemia virus, as well, but the need for continued vaccination in adult cats is assessed on a case-by-case basis. Many cats are already exposed to the feline herpesvirus (FHV) when they are very young. Vaccines are an important part of keeping your cat healthy. Dr. Combination Vaccine FVRCP, or feline distemper, FeLV for felines at risk of exposure to feline leukemia virus (cats that are unsupervised outdoors), and rabies annually as required by law. It’s even possible for humans to inadvertently carry home the feline distemper virus and accidentally give it to your indoor cat. My cats are indoor cats, and we do that vax. Feline leukemia; Bordatella . Out in the world, they are exposed, but annual vaccines … But why? In fact, some cats can seem perfectly healthy, but retain the ability to transmit the disease to others. Feline leukemia is spread between cats and is easily contracted in the outdoor environment, making indoor-outdoor cats at higher risk of catching the disease. The disease can flare-up, especially in cats without up-to-date vaccinations, causing respiratory infections and eye problems if an animal is stressed or sick. 66 New Year's Eve Dinner Ideas to Welcome 2021, New Year Wishes to Send to Friends and Family, 38 New Year's Eve Cocktails to Help Ring in 2021. Non-core vaccines are optional vaccines that should be considered in the light of exposure risk; that is, based on geographic distribution and the … FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calici virus and Panleukopenia) is another recommended vaccine for indoor cats. But if your cat goes outside, spends time at a boarding facility, or has contact with outside cats brought into your … Your cat doesn’t need to go outside to catch fleas and an indoor cat can still get heartworm disease from a mosquito that finds its way inside your warm home. My question was more about what cats need IN ADDITION TO rabies, if anything. Older cats often develop a certain amount of natural immunity. Vaccination doesn’tannihilatethe virus — feline herpesvirus is the gift that keeps on giving; but vaccination can help keep it under control. While indoor cats are not usually in danger of contracting rabies or leukemia, they could be in contact with a new cat to the household or … Indoor cats are at risk of feline distemper and may become sick if they aren’t vaccinated. You never know what may happen in the future as moving to a new home, divorce, or a death can affect your cat’s lifestyle as well. This common bacterial infection is a main cause of respiratory infections and it affects cats and dogs. Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. As mentioned above, Rabies is required by law in New York State for all cats, both indoor and outdoor. I don't know if Florida requires the rabies vaccine, but if it does, I will not ask for a waiver for any cat that has no adverse reaction to it. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… This virus can be contracted in utero or from a shelter if you adopted your cat. As modern vaccines have proven to be safe and effective against this common cancer, I'd suggest you have your cat checked for feline leukemia (she could have been infected in utero or while nursing). The virus can survive 48 hours in a damp environment such as a litter box, or 2 hours in a dry environment. If your cat is already vaccinated for everything, all you need to do is check the last vaccination date in case some are close to needing renewal. — so helping you better understand them is my aim. Avoiding Side Effects of the Leukemia Vaccine. Kittens should receive this shot at 6-8 weeks because they are very vulnerable to calicivirus and distemper. Depending on your cat’s lifestyle, they may need different vaccinations. The FVRCP vaccine is important for all cats, including indoor cats, because it protects against three viruses that are airborne and spread without cat-to-cat contact. The following vaccines aren’t strictly required for an indoor cat that can’t escape, is otherwise healthy, and has no exposure to other cats. Indoor cats, who are not exposed to other cats, are unlikely to contract feline leukemia. What if your cat accidentally gets out or even ends up in an animal shelter? Depending on the vaccine, adult cats should get booster shots either annually or every three years. This bacterial infection causes upper respiratory infections and conjunctivitus in cats. Get More Country Vet Answers by Subscribing to the our News Letter. FIP is a fatal viral infection. Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is a serious viral disease that affects ONLY CATS. There’s no easy answer for which vaccines an indoor cat does and does not need. If cats don’t run the risk of encountering disease, why do they need core vaccines (or titers) every three years? A: Generally, all cats should be vaccinated against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. Feline distemper is a very contagious and dangerous virus that can cause diarrhea, appetite loss, vomiting, fever, and even death in cats, especially kittens. They are vaccinated for rabies as required by law depending on the county/state law. Many cat caretakers have very strongly held beliefs regarding vaccines. This virus is similar to canine parvo virus and it’s very stable and opportunistic. At the very least, it’s important for kittens to receive a full series of vaccines, which should be followed by a one-year booster, to guard against the following: Even if your cat remains indoors with limited outside contact, the AAFP recommends continuing boosters for panleukopenia, feline herpesvirus, and calicivirus every 3 years because these diseases can spread even without direct cat-to-cat contact. The AAFP and the WSAVA do recommend vaccinating all kittens for feline leukemia (FELV). Fortunately, there are many ways we can protect our cats from exposure to this disease. Even if your cat has spent its entire adult life in your home, don’t overlook the possibility that they have a latent disease. If you hold a friend’s cat or pet a stray outside, you increase the odds of carrying distemper home to your indoor cat. Rabies isn’t just dangerous to your cat; you can catch rabies from your pet if they bite you or even lick an open wound on your body. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at, 2021 Most Popular Baby Boy Name Predictions, The Best Instagram Captions for All Your Dog Pics, You Can Get A Mini Santa Hat For Your Chicken, Fun Thanksgiving Activities for the Entire Family, Major Biden Is First Rescue Dog in the White House. Vaccines that should be given to every cat regardless of circumstance are known as core vaccines. Vaccination reduces this risk, even if it cannot eradicate it entirely. Experts first thought that rabies and feline leukemia vaccines — two of the three most commonly used vaccines — were the culprits. All kittens and adult cats should be vaccinated against rabies. Virtually every cat comes in contact with this widespread virus at some point through the secretions of infected animals or from someone who handled an infected cat. Discuss your concerns with your vet. Though it is not a core vaccine, it is recommended for cats at risk for exposure to this dangerous disease. 64 Superior Efficacy demonstrated vs. multiple FeLV vaccines 65,66. Which Restaurants Are Open New Year's Day 2021? Stress and crowded shelters are the perfect recipe for making your cat more susceptible to catching something before you pick them up. Do indoor cats need vaccinations? Cats can be born with feline leukemia, so it is recommended to test kittens at a young age for exposure. Kittens should receive this shot at 6-8 weeks because they are very vulnerable to calicivirus and distemper. Rob Sharp, author of No Dogs in Heaven? A Shot at Prevention: What Vaccines Do Indoor Cats Need? If this were a yes-or-no question, the answer would be no. If your cat goes to a groomer, it’s worth considering additional vaccinations. Indoor cats can be wily and sneak outside for adventure. Rabies Vaccine for Cats (Ra or Rab) Rabies is a viral infection that can be transmitted to humans. Other vaccines are given on a case-by-case basis. The guidelines discuss other presentation scenarios that can potentially affect a risk-benefit assessment and include updates on feline injection-site sarcomas (FISSs) and other vaccination-related reactions. This virus is found worldwide and infects as many as 3% of the total cat population in North America. Feline leukemia virus is the most common cause of cancer in cats and can cause various blood disorders. This is a core vaccine considered essential for all kittens. Cats can slip out an open door before you know it. If an indoor cat escapes, it’s most likely to get rabies from a bat, especially if the cat hunts and bites the bat. What vaccines do cats need? If feline leukemia virus (FeLV) requires direct cat-to-cat contact why does my indoor cat need to be vaccinated? The Task Force recommends vaccines for FHV-1, FCV, FPV, rabies, and FeLV (cats younger than 1 year old) as core vaccines for pet and shelter cats. Let’s take a look at some potential scenarios. Unfortunately, the real world rarely plays out in black and white, and there are many unexpected ways your pet could come in contact with another feline who has the virus. What vaccines do cats need. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. More about us. Some cats with the disease have poor immune systems and are … Drop him a line at ★ THE PERFECT BRUSH TO GET ALL NASTY MATS... ★ GET RID OF MATS WITHOUT HURTING HER - The... ★ COMFORTABLE, STRONG, AND DURABLE- Our... feline distemper (formerly feline panleukopenia virus). The virus commonly causes anemia or lymphoma, but because it suppresses the immune system, it can also predispose cats to deadly infections. Both scenarios pose the risk of potential exposure. Country Living participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Most also need rabies vaccines. To be safe, a 1-year booster shot is a smart choice but a 3-year shot may be acceptable if your cat is low-risk. This recommendation is based on the fact that young cats are much more susceptible to this disease. If your cat needs to be boarded while you’re away, you may be required to provide proof of vaccination. Feline leukemia is a viral disease in cats caused by the Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV). Types of Vaccines for Kittens . It is best to avoid vaccinating a cat in conjunction with a surgery. One of those vaccines is for Feline Leukemia which I’ll share more about in a moment. Now, if they go outside, or come in contact with a kitty that goes in and out, they may need an additional vaccine of feline leukemia. If your cat already has the latent virus, staying up-to-date on vaccinations can prevent flare-ups that can lead to eye problems and serious respiratory problems. Annual FVRCP booster shots, usually given with feline leukemia (FeLv) and rabies boosters, help the cat's immune system remain ready to respond to a disease. What is the prognosis for cat leukemia? If the indoor cat is the only feline in your home, is never boarded at a kennel, does not go outsid… Depending on the cat’s environment, some vaccines are more necessary than others. ... Cats that never go out probably do not need vaccination, although, if you are planning to get another cat, it is a good idea to blood test the new cat before introduction. 6 Reasons to Vaccinate. It can not be transmitted to dogs or people. Hertzko Self Cleaning Slicker Brush – Gently Removes Loose Undercoat, Mats and... Purina Fancy Feast Gravy Wet Cat Food Variety Pack, Seafood Grilled Collection -... Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Supplements Probiotics Cat Supplement, Fortiflora... Vet's Best Mosquito Repellent for Dogs and Cats | Repels Mosquitos with... Sizing Up: How Big Do Cats Get? Again these are just guidelines, … ; FVRCP stands for feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia. Because Bengals are not immune to FeLV, they need to be given the vaccine from the disease just like any other breed of cat. Non-Core Vaccines for Cats . What Your Home Would Look Like If You Let Your Cat Play Decorator. Your email address will not be published. Feline leukemia, a usually fatal cancer caused by a retrovirus, spreads from cat to cat via saliva, when the animals lick, bite, or groom one another. On the other hand, if your cat never goes outside, the rabies vaccine may be all that is needed. Bordetella is known as kennel cough because it’s very common in areas with many cats, including shelters and homes with several cats. They are also vaccinated for feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus yearly. FCV does not require direct cat-to-cat contact; it can survive up to a month in the environment and on objects. However, it is not contagious to humans. Rabies is a fatal virus that can affect cats as well as humans. Because FeLV can affect almost any organ system in the body, clinical signs can vary significantly. After vaccination, the immune system is trained to recognize infectious agents by producing proteins called antibodies or activating specific cells to kill the agents. Some cat owners who do not have a lot of experience might be under the impression that as long as they keep their cats indoors, their cats do not need to be vaccinated. Annual blood test for feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus. Assuming Piper tests negative, have her vaccinated, even if her chances of exposure seem low. Just escaping outside does not mean a cat is going to get FeLV. You and your veterinarian should decide which vaccinations your cat receives annually based on your cat’s lifestyle, age, and health status. The vaccine is recommended for cats … A more dangerous strain can also cause organ inflammation and death. Leukemia vaccine: not so much for indoor cats but for outdoor Benefits of giving the rabies vaccine depend on your home life and situation. If a cat is thought to be at low risk for feline leukemia, a vet may not recommend the vaccination at all. Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) directly affects the immune system of the cat and weakens it. The bad news? The vaccine is especially important for kitties that play outdoors, since they may come into contact with infected felines. I'd like to invite you to check out our. In that situation I’d say no. When you receive a diagnosis for cat leukemia, you might think the worst, but it is important to remember that cats with feline leukemia virus can live normal lives for long periods of time. Creatures of Habitat: Where Do Cats Live? Provided Piper never ventures outside and has no interaction with other cats, then there's virtually no way she could contract the disease--and vaccinating her would be unnecessary. What Vaccines do Cats Need? Combination Vaccine FVRCP, or feline distemper, FeLV for felines at risk of exposure to feline leukemia virus (cats that are unsupervised outdoors), and rabies annually as required by law. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. Kitten vaccination schedule. The Bordetella vaccine is often recommended for cats that go to groomers or kennels because the infection can spread easily if multiple cats are in an enclosed area. For example, indoor/outdoor cats or cats who board while you travel are exposed to more “stuff.” That “stuff” includes germs and opportunities for altercations with other animals so it makes sense they should have additional vaccines. Indoor cats are not at risk of contracting FeLV. And, cats with a history of having sarcomas would need vaccinations with less frequency. You don't plan to be in a car wreck either, but you still wear a seat belt. One protects against feline leukemia, or FeLV. Pets are as likely to catch something while they’re boarded as they are in an animal shelter. Feline leukemia is one of the most important causes of illness and death among cats, and especially in young outdoor cats. Be sure to check with your local authorities for such requirements. You may move to a new area where you feel comfortable letting your cat explore outdoors, for example, or your cat may one day be living with another family that lets her outside. Keep in mind you should reassess your cat’s need for these vaccines if you decide to let your cat outside, expose your cat to other pets, or your cat needs to stay in a kennel. Bats, foxes, coyotes, raccoons, and skunks are all common carriers of rabies. Unfortunately, it’s a common misconception that indoor cats don’t need to be vaccinated because they won’t encounter other cats or disease-carrying animals. Feline Leukemia Virus: one year after the initial kitten series then every other year for at-risk (outdoor) cats only; Do Indoor Cats Need the Same Vaccines? These diseases are airborne, so every cat needs to be vaccinated against them. The current vaccine recommendations for cats from the AAHA and the AAFP include vaccinating all kittens against FeLV following a negative blood test. This dangerous virus is contagious and can spread from cat to cat. When deciding which vaccines to give your indoor cat, you should consider their general health and overall risk, including whether they may escape, need to stay at a boarding facility while you travel, or even go to a groomer. (From Smallest to Biggest), Cats and Peanut Butter, and 9 Other Dangerous Foods for Felines. Many cats pick up distemper in a shelter, kennel, or even at the groomer. However, the feline leukemia vaccine can help build Fifi's immune system against the virus, drastically decreasing her odds of developing the disease. Your veterinarian can discuss the pros and cons of vaccinating your cat against this disease, based on her specific lifestyle and risk of exposure. What is Feline Leukemia Virus? First feline leukemia vaccine; Third visit (follow veterinarian’s advice) Rabies vaccine; Second feline leukemia vaccine; When will my kitten need booster shots? Cats that are purebred or longhaired are also at a higher risk of infection. Lifestyle: Cats who live solely indoors with no contact with other cats have little risk of exposure to feline leukemia and may not need this vaccination. Adult Cat Vaccinations Vaccines are given to your cat one year after the end of the kitten series. It is life-threatening and one of the most common cat diseases. Young cats are more susceptible to infection with feline leukemia. Does my indoor cat need to be vaccinated? What Is Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)? These are the required or recommended vaccines for indoor cats. Before the days of effective vaccines, cats routinely died from panleukopenia (“feline distemper”) and complications of upper respiratory (herpesvirus, calicivirus) infections. Most vets and professionals in the field would say a resounding YES. The feline leukemia shot is no longer on the list of "core" vaccines that the AVMA recommends for indoor cats. Most vets recommend adult cats receive an annual FVRCP booster shot while others recommend the booster shot every 3 years. Indoor cats are not at risk of contracting FeLV. While your indoor cat may be at no risk of getting FeLV or bordetella right now, it’s still a good idea to consider the future. When a vaccinated cat encounters these agents in the future, it rapidly generates antibodies and activates the cells that recognize the agents, producing an immune response that results in the elimination of the invading agent. Feline leukemia is one of the most common, and most deadly, feline illnesses. How Do I Treat My Horse's Fire Ant Bites? Your cat could accidentally get outdoors. The only feline leukemia virus vaccine shown to be effective against persistent viremia for 2 years after vaccination. Cats that are indoors ideally should be vaccinated for FVRCP, Rabies and Feline Leukemia. Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is second only to trauma as the leading cause of death in cats, killing 85% of persistently infected felines within three years of diagnosis. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. How do you know cats and dogs have identical immune systems? This vaccine is not recommended for indoor or outdoor cats. If you buy from a link, we may earn a commission. Bengals, typically a breed that thrive in the outdoors, especially need to be vaccinated if they do go outdoors or spend time around other cats, whether they could become infected by those cats or they could pass the virus along to them. The good news is indoor cats require fewer vaccines than outdoor cats because they are at a lower risk of many communicable diseases that can affect felines. An indoor cat can be infected with FHV by coming into contact with contaminated objects. This is why it’s so common in shelters and kennels. Suggested Articles Need for Rabies Vaccination for Indoor Cats Feline Leukemia Virus Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Feline Infectious Peritonitis Vaccines are preparations that resemble infectious agents like bacteria or viruses but are not pathogenic (disease causing). And the vaccine itself is at best 80% effective in preventing it (some studies put it at a lower percentage). I imagine that since you’re here, you likely own a cat — or two! These are important questions to ask yourself before you completely write off the idea of most vaccines. Yes. Assuming Piper tests negative, have her vaccinated, even if her chances of exposure seem low. Your vet will tell you when to bring your adult cat back for booster shots. If your cat contracts these infections, its life is at serious risk. What about the feline leukemia vaccine? Country vet Dr. You may not have thought to do so if you plan for him to be an indoor cat, but veterinary immunology expert Ronald Schultz, DVM, says that vaccination during kittenhood, followed by a single booster vaccination at 1 year of age, is the best way to prevent the spread of the disease and reduce its incidence. As modern vaccines have proven to be safe and effective against this common cancer, I'd suggest you have your cat checked for feline leukemia (she could have been infected in utero or while nursing). Do Indoor Cats Need Vaccinations? Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. This protects all animals in the boarding facility, including your cat. Fulfilling the Stereotype: Why Do Cats Loaf? One protects against feline leukemia, or FeLV. Some indoor cats have no interest in going outside but others will happily take advantage of an opportunity to slip outdoors. Are you positive your cat will remain indoors for their entire life? Both mine were strictly indoor cats also. It is estimated that 2.3% of cats in the western United States are infected with FeLV. Common Cat Vaccines Most vaccinated cats receive two separate vaccines which the American Association of Feline Practitioners has designated core vaccines: a rabies vaccine and a trivalent vaccine against feline herpes virus, panleukopenia virus and calicivirus also known as FVRCP. However, indoor cats who never contact any other cats should not be vaccinated. What if your cat was already exposed to the feline herpesvirus as a kitten or you decide to let your cat roam outdoors in the future? Rabies is a deadly virus that can be spread through the bite of an infected animal or an infected animal’s saliva in an open wound. I recall that as my first got to be a senior (7+ years) I believe they stopped the feline leukemia (I'm pretty sure it was that one) but otherwise it was always rabies, stool sample, etc. Veterinarians recommend a feline leukemia vaccine as one of a number of feline vaccinations given at regular intervals over your cat's life. You might, for instance, leave Piper at a boarding facility during your vacation and later learn that she became friends with the kitty in the next cage. Thank you for this article. We should be doing everything possible to protect them. For indoor-only cats, the recommendation is to administer the vaccine every three years. The third component protects against Panleukopenia (the Feline Distemper virus). Appropriate deworming/parasite therapy (usually done monthly in outdoor cats) Here’s why you need these specific vaccines and annual tests for your outdoor cats. When administered to an animal, they “train” the immune system to protect against these infectious agents. Some of these vaccines are more important than others, especially if your cat has a history of escaping the house to interact with other cats outdoors. Feline leukemia virus is the most common cause of cancer in cats and can cause various blood disorders. (Running Press), would love to answer your pet questions. Overview Feline leukemia virus is moderately contagious, generally transmitted when a cat comes into contact with saliva from an infected cat (via social behaviors, such as … Regardless of vaccine status, outdoor cats should be retested every year to determine if they have been exposed. Vaccination won’t stop FHV but it does keep the virus under control and prevent flare-ups. If the risk of feline leukemia virus exposure is significant (out-of-doors cats), the leukemia virus vaccine sequence should be administered. Even more concerning is the risk of panleukopenia, feline leukemia virus or feline virus. There’s a vaccine for feline leukemia but even after your young kitty is protected, it’s best not to expose them to cats that have not been tested for the virus. In-utero , mother-to-kitten transmission can also occur. Country Living editors select each product featured. However, this is certainly not the case.

Papa Shirogane Va, Beekeeper's Naturals Founder, How To Draw A Crocodile Cartoon, Rdr2 Trapper Saddles Stats, Sindbad Rumney-guggenheim Instagram, Tropical Shipping Miami Address, Funeral Homes In St Charles, Mo, Bibim Guksu Instant, ,Sitemap
Be Sociable, Share!
  • <a onClick=„javas­cript:var ipinsite=‚Good%20Vi­bes.%20Vuible­.com‘,ipinsite­url=‚http://vu­‘;(fun­ction(){if(win­dow.ipinit!==un­defined){ipinit();}el­se{­dy.appendChil­d(document.cre­ateElement(‚scrip­t‘)).src=‚http:/­/­pinpro/js/ipi­nit.js‘;}})();“ style=„cursor:po­inter“ rel=„nofollow“ title=„ | Share positive messages (images and videos only)“>
  • <a class=„option1_32“ style=„cursor:po­inter;backgrou­nd-position:-128px 0px“ rel=„nofollow“ title=„Add to favorites – doesn't work in Chrome“ onClick=„javas­cript:AddToFa­vorites();“>
  • <a style=„cursor:po­inter“ rel=„nofollow“ onMouseOut=„fi­xOnMouseOut(do­cument.getEle­mentById(‚soci­able-post-430‘), event, ‚post-430‘)“ onMouseOver=„mo­re(this,‚post-430‘)“>
  • <g:plusone annotation=„bubble“ href=„http://­www.decastelo­.cz/knihy/r6eh0cc2“ size=„medium“></g:plu­sone>
  • <a title=‚ | Share positive messages (images and videos only)‘>