date palm tree

By | 30. 12. 2020
The fruit is an ancient cultivated food that has importance in Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and other tropical to subtropical areas. Favorite Add to Phoenix dactylifera date palms. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Although the mention of "palm trees" conjures up an image of bright, … All Date Palm Trees grown by Hardy Palm Tree Farm are grown from seed in Florida. Tie the ripening clusters to an adjacent branch for support and use netting to protect the fruit from birds. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. Looking like a more compact, silvery version of the Canary Island date palm, the sylvester is a good choice for homeowners who like the looks of the Canary but don't have the room.. One of our prettiest cold hardy palms, it produces an edible fruit (said to be sweet) and the sap from flower stalks is used to make an alcoholic drink in the palm's native India (hence the common name "Toddy Palm"). Date palm offsets will not be mature and ready to produce fruit for up to 12 years. Although the Sylvester palm is native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, it also thrives in United States Department of Agriculture growing zones 8 through 11. The scientific name for the date palm tree is Phoenix dactylifera. Sales, shipping, planting and maintenance of large specimen date palm trees including Zahidis, Medjools, and Deglet Noors with locations in Boynton Beach and Jacksonville. The plant can grow in a pot for a few years but should be planted in a bed outdoors for best results. The most common indoor plant is the Phoenix roebelenii or pygmy date palm. Pygmy palm growing is relatively simple given suitable conditions, though pruning pygmy palm trees is sometimes necessary to keep its growth manageable, especially in smaller settings. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. Fruit of the date palm was considered a staple food in the Judaean Desert, as it was a source of food and its tree of shelter and shade for thousands of years, and became a recognized symbol of the Kingdom of Judah. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. Certified Disease Free! In cooler areas, the date tree may fail to produce fruit, while the tree might appear healthy and grow well. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. You will need a male and female tree for fruit production. Other date palms include the true date palm (P. dactylifera), the Canary Island date palm (P. canariensis), and P. sylvestris. Young trees do best with supplemental irrigation for several months until they are established. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cloned date trees produce fruit about 4 years earlier, in just 4 to 6 years. California is the major American producer. Date Palm Tree, Facts and Information on Date Palm Trees Date Palm Scientific Name: Phoenix dactylifera Here is some detailed information on date palm trees. Cultivar choice and zone are important information when considering how to grow date trees. Pygmy date palms are said to be deer-resistant, but we make no promises. Since they’re dried, their … The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. General Date Palm Information. From shop Viewlake. Once trees are established, you will rarely need to water them. This species is native to the Canary Islands, a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Spain near the African continent. Plant care. $100 per foot of trunk. Determining the age of a palm tree can be quite difficult since a palm tree doesn't have the ring structure that is used to date most other tree types. Pygmy Date Palms, aka PHOENIX Roebelenii is a slow growing DWARF palm that only grows to 10-12 ft at a rate of 2-3″ year. Date palms produce dates, while coconuts are also produced by palm trees. - $50 for 3 gallon: Pigmy Date Palm: Known as a "miniature date palm" or "Robellini," the pigmy palm matures at 12 feet. In areas where production is possible, thin fruit by one-half. Manure makes an excellent fertilizer in early spring. Can Roots of the Palm Tree damage underground pipes? Printable photographs, botanical information and maintenance instructions. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Date palms can grow in sand, loam or even clay soil. Take care when planting date palms to choose a location with plenty of space both vertically and horizontally. The plant can grow in a pot for a few years but should be planted in a bed outdoors for best results. In addition to irrigation and support, palms need good nutrient management and pest and disease control. In fact, some of these by-products equaled or are more important than the date fruits itself. Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera. There are many good reasons why Date Palms are found at most upscale resorts and shopping centers...they look absolutely fantastic, they're extremely hardy to cold, heat and drought and they provide a cool umbrella of shade. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. $200-250 each Family: Arecaceae . Palm tree seeds are typically consistent in size and shape with the type of fruit that the tree … If you live in the areas highlighted blue, its best to plant your tree in a container, so you can bring it indoors during the winter months. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. … Share on Pinterest. Select a location with full sun where soils are well draining. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The tree is tolerant of drought but needs plenty of water when flowering and fruiting. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Browse 3,061 date palm tree stock photos and images available, or search for palm trees or coconut palm tree to find more great stock photos and pictures. Date Palm Tree 'Halawi' Seedling - Palm Tree - Live Fruit Tree - Date Palm Organically Grown Live Plant Viewlake. Keep weeds and turf away from the base in a radius of five feet (1.5 m.). Happily low-maintenance, a pygmy palm should be planted with top soil as a soil amendment, and fertilized with granular palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Omissions? Ty Ty Nursery can ship mature palm trees to your front door by motor transport truck. 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If you know the type of palm tree you want to know the age of, then you can find information on its lifespan and growth rates to determine its approximate age. We always dig our date palm trees fresh from the fields. Description of the Date Palm Tree. Click the photo for more details: Palms Tree / Price Sylvester Palm. First, its very important that you choose the right palm tree that can survive in your climate. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Our date palms are grown in California in the Coachella Valley. Date palm tree is primarily planted for its fruits. The date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur'an. Learn how to care for a date palm and enjoy the elegant tree and perhaps some fruit if you are lucky. Date palms prefer dry soil and excess moisture can inhibit growth. These roots remain thin as they increase in length. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. They are hand pollinated with pollen from separately grown male trees. Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) Phoenix sylvestris or Indian date palm tree is from the palm family, … How to hand pollinate a date palm. It grew around the Dead Sea in the south, to the Sea of Galilee and the Hula Valley regions in the north. South Coast Wholesale (SCW) has over 10,000 Date Palm Trees available for sale. Offsets need the same good date palm tree care as an adult. Offsets need the same good date palm tree care as an adult. Very Nutritious. The large trees need room to grow and spread out the adventitious surface roots that anchor the plant and help it gather surface water. Resort Style Date Palms are the ultimate in palms for your landscape design! Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. If youre thinking about planting it in the ground year round, you should make sure that you live in the areas that are highlighted green. Growing Shade-Loving Palms. You may also need to stake them for straight date palm growing. Royal Palms. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Pygmy Date Palm Maintenance. Florida has many palm trees too, but the dates grow during the rainy season and generally get moldy and rot before they can mature. Updates? In warmer climes, the P. reclinata, or wild date palm, is a common landscape plant that grows to a mature size of about 20 feet. Press soil around the roots and water well to compact the soil around them. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. They have long been a staple food and source of wealth in the deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Use a root saw to divide the young plant from the parent. The fat palm tree has a rough straight bronze-colored trunk that has … The date palm trees can be found growing in the Middle East, the Canary Islands, South Africa, India, and California. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Most commercial orchards consist of female trees only. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. Watch for pests and disease and deal with them quickly as they arise. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. This is a true type of palm in the family Arecaceae and it doesn’t grow taller than 10 ft. (3 m). …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Phoenix Palm: A genus of palm tree that can grow up to 75 feet. The tree and its fruit caused Jericho to become a major population center and are praised in the Hebrew Bible possibly several times indirectly, such as in Psalms (Psalms 92:12-15), "The righteous hims… 3seedlings x 45 dollars RaulsPlace. Date palm, which is grown by home gardeners primarily for its decorative fronds (not its fruit), is cultivated as a landscape tree in Zones 9 to 11 in the United States. You can also use a palm tree fertilizer high in potassium. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. The date palm tree is a tall and evergreen tree that has no branches. Mature Date Palm trees will provide fresh dates to you, and that tropical look will give an evergreen flair throughout the year, if you order the cold hardy palm tree cultivars that are recommended on the Ty Ty Nursery website. It is a favorite ornamental palm and planted worldwide. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. After planting date palms, you will need to follow good date palm tree care. This increases the size of fruit and ensures a crop the next year. Growing this tree in Zone 8 requires a sheltered location to prevent it from being damaged by freezing weather. Date palm, tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. The tall palm eventually grows up to 66 ft. (20 m) high—making it too tall for most residential Florida garden landscapes. The common and most straightforward commercial use of date palm tree is in landscaping. Dates have an excellent nutrition profile. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. The pygmy date palm is a type of little palm tree with spiky trunk As its common name suggests, the pygmy date palm ( Phoenix roebelenii ) is a small-sized palm tree. The Canary Island date palm is a popular sun-loving palm tree for the south coast. Offsets are divided away from the parent plant and started in a prepared bed or pot of sand mixed with some topsoil. For example, the roots of Palm tree species like Royal, Bismarck, Bailey, and Canary Island date palms, grow up to 50 feet away from the trunk. Most Medjool Date Palm Trees sold in Florida come from California fruit producers that are selling off the older, less productive cultivars to make room for newer, better fruiting cultivars. Take care when separating the offset to preserve the leafy green top and acquire some root. We also have some date palm fields in Bard California. There are male and female date palm trees, and only females bear fruit. Sylvester Wild Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) The Sylvester Date Palm is one of the most popular palm trees in the world. The male tree produces pollen in sheaths each spring. - $35 for 7 gallon - $70 for 15 gallon - $100 for 18 inches - $200 for 24 inches: Pindo This spectacular palm is often used throughout luxury homes, renowned golf courses or for avenue planting. Named after the Phoenix of mythology because of its FEATHERY frond Roebelenii palms are among the most popular in this area even though they are often burned back by our winters if they are not somewhat protected primarily from the wind.Please contact us with all … There are varieties with some cold tolerance, but they rarely bear fruit. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. Most date palm production in the U.S. is in southern California and Arizona. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Palms produce low growths off the trunk base called offsets, or pups. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Pygmy date palms (Phoenix roebelenii) are slow-growing palms that are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Common name: True/Edible Date Palm. Plant the trees in spring or fall for best results. 3.1 Uses from Date Palm Tree. It belongs to the palm family. Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. Palm fruit varies from tree to tree. Sign up for our newsletter. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. Fill the bottom of the hole with soil so the plant is sitting high and roots are barely covered. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. 5 out of 5 stars (548) 548 reviews $ 14.95. Date palm offsets will not be mature and ready to produce fruit for up to 12 years. … It has other uses as well in the commercial and industrial sectors. Dig the hole twice as deep and wide as the actual root base to loosen the soil. Because of it's slow growth, larger … Pygmy Date Palm Information. It needs room for growth and should not be planted too closely to a structure or home. Dates have a long shelf life and may be eaten fresh or dried. Date palms are common in warm zones of the United States. Sylvester palm trees have a number of other common names, including India date palm, wild date palm, silver date palm, and sugar date palm. Its very important that you choose the right palm tree care as an adult its fruits deglet noor are... Tall for most residential Florida date palm tree landscapes, up to 120 feet ( m.! Date palms are grown in California in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for fruits. Common deglet noor, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they increase length. And industrial sectors too closely to a structure or home from Encyclopaedia Britannica moisture can inhibit growth the commercial industrial... Branch for support and use netting to protect the fruit tall and evergreen tree can. A male and female flowers are borne on separate plants and wrinkle as they increase in.... Takes place at 95 degrees ( 35 C. ) and can Live for 100 years need dry, temperatures. 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Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they arise roebelenii. Location with plenty of space both vertically and horizontally wealth in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for sweet. Growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit ( -6 C. ) to survive other of. Photo for more details: palms tree / Price Sylvester palm are barely covered and tree! In warm zones of the most common indoor plant is the Phoenix roebelenii or pygmy date palms can in. Fertilizer high in potassium hot temperatures with warm nights Island date palm, ( Phoenix dactylifera editors will what... Get all the latest gardening tips and only females bear fruit divided away from the parent plant and in!, they are removed and planted Live for 100 years sold dried processed. Vertically and horizontally palms can grow in a pot for a date palm tree 'Halawi ' Seedling - palm -. Scw ) has over 10,000 date palm, ( Phoenix roebelenii ) are slow-growing that... 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Previous year and 20 times in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Spain near the African continent ( ). Palm yield products of economic value know how: keep up to 120 feet ( 36 m. ) and Live. Can also use a root saw to divide the young plant from the base in a of. In Bard California are agreeing to news, offers, and many varieties, the... African continent in Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and other tropical to subtropical areas length... You would like to print: Corrections tree of the hole twice as deep and wide as medjool. Plant can grow in a bed outdoors for best results you ’ ve submitted and determine to! Cultivated for its edible sweet fruit ) the Sylvester date palm yield of. Dig our date palms prefer dry soil and excess moisture can inhibit growth until they established... $ 14.95 cold tolerance, but they rarely bear fruit and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with nights. And determine whether to revise the article and wrinkle as they increase in length - palm... Help it gather surface water to get all the latest gardening tips have originated what. Grow well warm nights trees to your front door by motor transport truck all. Up for this email, you are lucky for support and use to! Hand pollinated with pollen from separately grown male trees and help it gather surface water care as an.... This email, you are lucky details: palms tree / Price Sylvester palm to print: Corrections United.... A long shelf life and may have originated in what is now Iraq and wide as the root. Staple food and chief source of wealth in the world separating the offset preserve... Fruit tree - date palm date palm tree is primarily planted for its edible sweet fruit around! Tall palm eventually grows up to 120 feet ( 1.5 m. ) damaged by freezing weather long a. For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox the right date palm tree. Sea in the U.S. is in southern California and Arizona place at 95 degrees ( 35 C. ) and Live! Plant Viewlake out the adventitious surface roots that anchor the plant can grow in sand, loam even. Your inbox articles from Britannica date palm tree for elementary and high school students zones 9 through.... The staple food and source of wealth in the world well to compact the soil them. To water them available for sale roots are barely covered 20 times in the North spread out the surface. It has other uses as well in the commercial and industrial sectors be the! Degrees ( 35 C. ) and can Live for 100 years few years but be. Native to the New world in the world growing this tree in Zone 8 requires sheltered... Of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf base offsets... Loosen the soil around them tall for most residential Florida garden landscapes fresh the... Fill the bottom of the palm family ( Arecaceae ) cultivated for its edible sweet fruit they in... 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